In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
The Destiny of a Community
city of Mecca is empty while the desert outside the city gets filled by people.
Suddenly a message comes from Allah (SWT) to the Prophet and reveals the following
verse which has a decisive order to him:
“O Messenger! Deliver
what bas been revealed to you from your Lord; and if you do it not, then you
have not delivered His message, and Allah will protect you from the people.”(1)
at the content of the verse we can see that this message has already been
revealed to the Prophet, because the verse states that “Deliver what bas
been revealed to you”. So what could be the reason for Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) to avoid conveying
this message? We know with absolute certainty that he would not procrastinate
without any reason and he did not have shortcomings in performing his duties.
The delay in delivering this message is due to the importance and magnitude of
it. And the next part of the verse confirms this fact about the message: “… and Allah will
protect you from the people”. Therefore, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) was looking for the
opportunity and the right moment to convey this message. But now, this verse is
clearly commanding the Prophet to convey the message immediately.
there is more into this verse. The message referred to in this verse is so
crucial that ignoring it implies the actual prophetic mission has not taken
place. In other words, disregarding this message is equal to disregarding
Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH&HP) efforts in the past twenty three years of that moment.
Could this important news be a few commands on certain practices? If so, then
disregard of such message should only harm a part of prophetic mission and not
the whole effort. Thus, the message has to do with keeping the Prophet’s
mission safe and sound from deviation and digression.
end of this verse Allah (SWT) promises the Prophet to protect him(2) from any harm
the enemies and people might attempt to cause. What could this message be that
can cause such serious danger to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP)? He had previously
defined the command of Charity, Jihad and abstinence from the infidels in
family. There was never a word of “danger” in declaring these hard
commands. What order is this that the Prophet is waiting for the proper moment
matter must be very crucial because we are informed that the message will not
please the enemies who had planned to take advantage of the situations. Below
we have noted some points from the Holy Quran and the history which make things
Holy Quran notes that the unbelievers and the hypocrites would say that
Muhammad does not have an heir to leave behind, and thus they were eagerly
waiting for the death of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP)(3). They were happy,
thinking that Islam would be destroyed with the demise of its prophet. Even
some hypocrites were pleased that they would have a chance at taking up power
after the prophet. Thus, in order to faster reach their goal, they created a
plan to kill the Prophet on the night of ‘Aqabah. Allah (SWT) however protected
the Prophet, and did not allow for their plan to succeed (4).
message is so crucial that delivering it will make the enemies nervous and has
serious dangers for Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP). This message is none other than
introducing the successor of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) in Ghadir. All
position seekers had devised plans to usurp this position. Thus when the
Prophet introduces his successor by the order of Allah (SWT), the hopes and
dreams of those after this position are destroyed and increased their
other hand, if a competent successor is not chosen or if the Prophet does not
announce one, then Islam will be without a proper defender and will eventually
vanish. Hence, if the successor of the Prophet – selected by Allah (SWT) – is not announced
to people, then it is equal to not conveying the prophetic mission. The
case of religion without a defender is equal to not ever having the religion.
Because time will pass and the religion will be forgotten.
by the command of Allah (SWT), His Great Messenger (PBUH&HP) in the land of Ghadir announced
“He of whom I am the
Master (Mawla), of him Ali is the Master (Mawla)”(5).
(Selection taken from “Strong
Thoughts in Learning Core Beliefs”, by Ayatollah Sayyed Muhammad Mousawi
Roshd Website congratulates all the Muslims, especially you dear friend, upon
the arrival of the great divine announcement of the succession of Amir
al-Mu’minin (PBUH) to the Prophet, Eid al-Ghadir.
Roshd Islamic Shia Website
The Holy Quran, (5:67)
Interestingly, Allah (SWT) does not deny this danger; but He does promise His
Messenger absolute safety in conveying the message. In the mean time, Allah (SWT)
reminds the Prophet (PBUH&HP) of bad consequences for not announcing this
Both Sunni and Shia reference books have addressed the narration of hypocrites
attempting to assassinate the great Prophet on the night of ‘Aqabah. Some of
these resources are:
Ahmad, vol. 2, p. 453 - al-Bidayah wa al-Nahayah, vol. 5, p. 26 - Tafsir Ibn
Kathir, vol. 2, p. 387 - Tafsir Durr al-Manthoor, vol. 3, p. 259 - Tafsir
Qurtobi, vol. 8, p. 207 - Sireh Halabiseh, vol. 3, p. 162 and…
The Holy Quran unveils the vicious dream of some infidels in the verse 30 of
“They say: ‘(he is) a poet, (one) for whom we may expect the accident of time?”
An excerpt from the sermon of Ghadir by the Great Prophet (PBUH&HP). For
more information on the event of Ghadir addressed by both Sunni and Shia
sources please visit the article of “The Event of
Ghadir and its Importance” in the beliefs section.